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Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Signs And Symptoms, Treatment
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Pregnancy

Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Signs And Symptoms, Treatment

Sam  Views: 764  2 min read

Hyperemesis gravidarum is a extreme, persistent nausea and vomiting during pregnancy that can lead to electrolyte disturbances, dehydration, weight loss. Mild cases are treated with dietary changes, rest and antacids. More severe cases require a hospital stay so that the mother can receive fluid and nutrition through intravenous line.

The symptoms of hyperemesis gravidarum usually appear between 4 to 6 weeks of pregnancy and may peak between 9 to 13 weeks. The cause of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is believed to be a rapidly rising blood level of a hormone called human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) which is released by placenta.

Signs and symptoms of hyperemesis gravidarum

Severe nausea and vomiting

Food aversions

Dehydration

Weight loss of 5 % or more of pre-pregnancy weight

Decreased urination

Headaches

Extreme fatigue

Fainting

Low blood pressure

Rapid heart beat

Decreased concentration

Mood changes

Anxiety

Irritability

Sleep disturbances

Treatment of hyperemesis gravidarum

Small frequent meals: Nibble throughout the day rather than eating larger meals. An empty stomach may make nausea worse. Eat dry foods such as, crackers or a piece of dry toast. Select foods high in carbohydrates or protein, low in fat and easy to digest.

Drink plenty of fluids: Increase fluids during times of the day when you feel less nauseated.

Bed rest: Bed rest provide comfort. However, be cautious and aware of the effects of muscle and weight loss due to prolonged bed rest.

Intravenous fluids: It is important for a pregnant woman to maintain her fluid and electrolyte balance. In severe cases, woman might need hospitalization and intravenous fluids. Intravenous fluids might be discontinued when a woman is able to take fluids by mouth.

Medicines: Medicines such as, promethazine, meclizine are used to prevent nausea when vomiting is persistent and poses possible risks to the mother or baby. Vitamin B6 ( no more than 100 mg daily) has shown to decrease nausea in early pregnancy.


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