Frequent urination at night is called nocturia. It is different from enuresis or bed wetting, in which the person does not wake up from sleep but the bladder empties anyway. Nocturia is one of the cause of sleep disturbance, particularly among elderly.
People without nocturia usually sleep for 6 to 8 hours. People with severe nocturia may need to get up 5 to 6 times during the night to go to the bathroom.
Nocturia is often a symptom of other medical conditions including urological infection, a tumor of the bladder or prostate, a condition called bladder prolapse, or disorders affecting sphincter control. It is also common in people with heart failure, liver failure, poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, or diabetes insipidus. Diabetes, pregnancy and diuretic medications are also associated with nocturia.
Tips for decreasing night time urination
Limit fluid intake two hours before your bedtime
Fluid intake too close to bedtime cause increase in nighttime urination. Make sure you do not drink any fluids two hours before bedtime.
Avoid foods and beverages that irritates your bladder
Alcohol and caffeine are bladder stimulants. These beverages should be limited all day long. If you can not avoid them out entirely, try to skip them in the hours before bedtime to help prevent nocturia.
Perform kegel exercise ( exercise that is performed to strengthen pelvic floor muscles) regularly which help control an overactive bladder. Kegel exercise will trigger a reflex mechanism to relax the bladder.
Elevate your legs
Elevate your legs for an hour at the heart level. This can help you urinate during the day rather than at night.
Maintain healthy body weight
Excess body weight can put pressure on your bladder resulting in frequency of urination.
Double void before sleeping
Go to the bathroom twice before going to bed even if you do not feel like. This help prevent nighttime urination.