First Aid For Burns And Scalds
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First Aid & Emergencies General

First Aid For Burns And Scalds

Sam  Views: 3678  3 min read

A person on fire

  • Drop the casualty to the ground.

  • Wrap him tightly in a non- inflammable blanket.

  • Roll him until flames are smothered.

  • Then pour cool water on him.

  • Cover the injured part.

  • Rush him to hospital.

Severe burns and scalds

  • Help the casualty to lie down. If possible, prevent the burnt area from coming into contact with the ground.

  • Pour cool water over the burnt area until the pain is relieved.

  • Carefully remove burnt clothing unless it is sticking to the burn. Also remove rings, belts, watches, shoes to prevent swelling.

  • Keep the casualty warm. Use a blanket or layers of clothing but avoid putting them on the injured area. Keeping warm will prevent hypothermia where a person’s body temperature drops.

  • Cover the injured area with a sterile dressing or any clean cloth to protect if from infection.

  • Take the casualty to the hospital immediately.

Chemical burn

  • Protect yourself putting on gloves or apron, if possible.

  • Move the casualty to a safe place. Ventilate the area or seal the chemical container.

  • Pour cool water over the injured area at least 20 minutes to remove chemical and to stop the burning sensation. Make sure water does not collect underneath the patient.

  • Remove any contaminated clothing or jewelry as you flush but not before flushing.

  • Loosely apply clean bandage or gauze.

  • If chemical burn is serious, take the casualty to the Hospital.

Electrical burn

  • Shout for help.

  • Make sure that the electrical contact is broken before proceeding to first aid. Do not touch the injured person if he or she is still in contact with the electric current.

  • Unplug the appliance or turn off the main power switch.

  • If the casualty is not serious, pour cool water over the injured area and apply a sterile bandage. There may be burns where the electric current entered the body and where it left the body.

  • If the casualty is serious, seek medical help.



  • Cover the casualty’s skin with light clothing or towel and move her into the shade or preferably indoors.

  • Cool her skin by sponging with cool water or by applying clean towel dampened with cool tap water.

  • Apply moisturizer, aloe vera lotion or gel, low dose hydrocortisone cream, which may provide relief in some cases.

  • Do not break blisters. If blisters break, gently clean the area with mild soap and water, apply an antibiotic ointment, and cover it with a nonstick gauze bandage.

  • If needed, take an over the counter pain reliever such as, ibuprofen, naproxen sodium or acetaminophen.

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