Menstruation is the process of discharging blood and other material from the lining of the uterus at intervals of about one lunar month from puberty until the menopause, except during pregnancy. Menstrual cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea or period pains, are painful sensations felt in the lower abdomen that can occur both before and during a woman's menstrual period. To make monthly cycle comfortable, some home remedies are given below.
Contraction of the uterus muscles is the main cause of the pain. Hot compression relaxes the contracted muscles which then relieves pain. Hot compression may be applied using different methods such as using hot water bag, plastic bottle with hot water, heating pads on the lower abdomen.
Drinking warm fluid
Warm drinks helps a lot during painful cramps. However, warm drinks like coffee or tea are not recommended as they make pain even worse. Warm soup or even warm water ease your pain. Warm drinks increases blood flow to skin and reduces pain.
Studies have revealed that exercise ease the pain during periods. It may sound unusual to perform exercise during menstrual cramps as you can hardly move. It is believed that exercise helps in releasing endorphins which then decreases pain.
Reduce fatty foods which cause abdominal bloating during menstruation because it triggers more pain. Increasing intake of vegetables and fruits ease painful cramps.
Massaging lower back and lower abdomen ease the pain. Massaging increases blood flow to the skin and thus reduces pain.
Stress increases the intensity of menstrual cramps. Therefore , avoid psychological stress during menstruation and try to make yourself happy.
In addition to other remedies, adequate rest is also a very important factor to make the monthly period go well. Avoiding heavy works, sleeping well at night, lying on the bed in comfortable position when needed ease the pain.
Apart from above mentioned home remedies, menstrual hygiene should be maintained well during menstrual cycle. One should take bath regularly and use clean sanitary napkins. If hygiene is not well maintained it may results in other ailments.