Nasal bleeding or epistaxis is defined as hemorrhage from the nostrils, nasal cavity, or nasopharynx. Although it is rarely life threatening, it may cause significant anxiety among people. Most people who develop nose bleeding can handle the problem without the treatment by a healthcare professional if they follow the step-by-step first aid recommendations.
First aid for nose bleed
Make the patient sit upright and lean forward. Sitting upright lowers blood pressure in the veins of the nose which will prevent further bleeding. Leaning forward prevent you from swallowing blood or clots that can irritate your stomach. It lets the blood drain out through the nose rather than down the throat.
Firmly pinch the nose just below the bone up against the face. Use your thumb and index finger to pinch your nostrils. Breathe through your mouth. Apply pressure for 10 minutes. Pinching nostrils creates pressure to the bleeding point and often stop the bleeding.
Placing an ice pack across the bridge of the your nose may be helpful.
To prevent bleeding again do not pick or blow your nose, it triggers further bleeding. Do not bend .
If bleeding continues for more than 15 minutes, or is followed by serious injury, or is accompanied by severe blood loss, seek medical help.